NATIVE LIFE IN TRAVANCORE
VED from VICTORIA INSTITUTIONS
It is foretold! The torrential flow of inexorable destiny!
QUOTE It is a remarkable fact that over one-fifth of the population are nominally Christian, while the Malayalam Sudras, who constitute the mass of the respectable population, the landowners and employers of labour, the agricultural and military classes, are quite outnumbered by the native Christians; END of QUOTE
Actually there is no need to be surprised in this. In any feudal hierarchy, in the higher levels the number of persons usually go less. Like constables, head constables, Assistant Sub Inspectors, Inspectors, Deputy SP, SP, DIG, IG, DGP. In the higher levels, there are less persons.
QUOTE Brahmans never attend these markets. When this liberty was given to the low castes, Sudra women and others refrained for a while from attending market, but they are now getting accustomed to the new state of things, though they hotly declare their dislike to it. END of QUOTE
This issue is really connected to issue of the lower persons in a feudal language system, being able to despoil the higher persons if equality between lower and higher levels is enforced. The higher levels cannot despoil the lower classes. The reverse is possible. It is just like a higher man addressing the lower man as Nee, and the lower man also retorts with the same Nee in addressing back. The higher man stands in a stink, while the lower man has no qualms about being thus addressed.
This issue of people keeping out is happening even in England when feudal language speakers start residing in one locality in large numbers. They can despoil the native-English speakers, who do not have any means of defence against this attack at the verbal code level. Even though they might not understand the words, satanic effect can be felt by them. Their only option is to flee the place.
QUOTE The Ilayathus are said to have once been Namburis and degraded in caste for the crime of having informed a Sudra what rites should be performed in favour of his deceased ancestors. END of QUOTE
It might have been an act of treachery. Like what universities in GB and US, and businesses like the Microsoft did to the US and other English economies. That of standing as conduits for superior technical information to be spirited out to competing nations and business moguls.
QUOTE A few may be seen fairer and with well-formed features from some slight intermixture of Muhammadan, possibly even Sudra parentage, or high-caste females in former times condemned to slavery. END of QUOTE
Higher caste blood line is there in lower castes. At least through the handing over of females who have been punished. And when these lower castes converted into Christians, they would have brought in this bloodline to the Christians. In fact, one can see plenty of fair skin complexioned persons among the Christian settler populations of Malabar.
QUOTE The Sudra masters give some medicines; and would sometimes on an emergency, visit their slaves, purifying themselves afterwards. END of QUOTE
This was the reflection of the much acclaimed affection for the adiyaan the Jenmi had.
QUOTE The people that live nearest the abodes of the Kanikars are Pariahs and Puliahs , our converts from these castes, and their Sudra masters. END of QUOTE
QUOTE Sudras do not deem themselves polluted by contact with these respectable and independent people, while they keep Chogans at a distance for fear of defilement END of QUOTE
QUOTE Sudras meeting Brahmans adore them, folding both hands together ; the Brahman, in return. confers his blessing by holding the left hand to the chest and closing the fingers. END of QUOTE
The codes of this adoration are embedded in the feudal language verbal codes. In fact every man who speaks these type of languages usually like to cringe and crawl in front of a superior, just to inform of his deep adoration. Currently people show such attitudes towards their teachers and to the officialdom. Caste is not the criterion of superiority now.
QUOTE Sudras have no priests but Brahmans. Some, however, begin to entertain and to show great aversion to Brahmans on account of their profession of superiority, and probably really superior force of intellect. This dislike seems rather on the increase, amounting at times to bitterness and jealousy. END of QUOTE
This feeling of dislike for being inferior is the real affect of the English rule. It was a terrible thing to come into this land, and make the lower persons dislike their servitude. However, this un-entangling of social relationship without an adequate input of quality English along with it, did create deep wounds in the upper castes. For persons who were their subordinates simply shifted from words of respect to words of insult.
From Angunnu അങ്ങുന്ന് to Nee നീ. In fact, the conspiracy of the higher castes including those like Nehru, Gandhi etc. to somehow remove the English rule from the peninsula, can be traced to the terrible issue of the lower castes and classes moving upwards to position of disregard and disrespect to superior castes and classes. However, it can be seen that the lower castes and classes stood by the English rule, with full loyalty till the idiot became the prime minister in England, and more or less threw apart a great world government.
QUOTE But, unlike other Sudra unions, the Ammachi, having once been married to a Rajah, is required to remain single all the remainder of her days ; and is shut UP and guarded in her own residence. END of QUOTE
This is the tragedy that is there for the upper classes in all feudal language systems. They can’t move freely around. For the other can hurt them by simply using lower indicant words. The issue of respect is the terrible necessity.
QUOTE The more intelligent Sudras are beginning to exclaim against this incessant feeding and feeing of idle and profitless Brahmans from public funds to which the Sudra taxpayers so largely contribute, to meet which feeling the present Maharajah thoughtfully included the Nair officials, subordinates, and pupils in his hospitalitya sensible arrangement unheard of before. END of QUOTE
The depth of information in this paragraph is great. However, in modern times, a new kind of parasites have taken over the nation. They are the huge army of government employees. They do not consider themselves as workers. They feel that they are high position holders, whom the people should bestow respect. They partake huge salaries which is multiple times any other employee in this nation gets. Even the insipid English professor, whose teaching very rarely educates a student in quality English, get Rs. 75000 per month for 13 months a year. Apart from all this, he or she is eligible for a huge pension amount, which is also literally loot of the nation. Read more on this by clicking on this reading: Fence eating the Crops.
QUOTE Caste rules are observed by them towards their inferiors, and applied to them by Sudras and Brahmans. END of QUOTE
QUOTE those of the Malayalam Sudras, or Nayars, both of which are inseparably connected and interdependent. END of QUOTE
QUOTE Rev. J. Abbs, in his “Twenty-two Years in Travancore,” gives the following narrative, related to him by a Sudran, which well illustrates the subject in hand : — “Being a tall, handsome man of respectable family, although poor, I was engaged several years ago by two rich men of my own caste to be the husband of their sister. END of QUOTE
This bespeaks about the real family system of the place. It is quite funny that Indians do not really know what their actually family standards were. They go around the globe declaring great family systems in their antiquity.
QUOTE But it is clear that they have endeavoured to make the Sudras not only in theory, but in fact, their social slaves, and wicked threats are used to some classes if they do not place their females at the disposal of the Brahmans. END of QUOTE
In those times, Brahmins could get to use Nair females for sex. And naturally the Nair females would only enjoy the attention and the entertainment from superior class males. This actually did not stop at this point. The Nairs would make use of lower caste females. In Malabar, I have heard such stories from interior places, where modernity and roads took a long time to arrive.
Only in areas where the law and order machinery of the English rulers arrived did the lower castes husbands have any claim over their wives. However, in this issue also in matriarchal family system, the uncles could decide whether a husband had the right to be with his wife. They could even decide whether their niece should be entertained by a superior caste male.
QUOTE I have known a fine Sudra youth bitterly lament that his own father, a Brahman, cared nothing for him; and, in fact, the father could not under any circumstances, eat with him, nor touch him without ceremonial pollution. END of QUOTE
It would like an IPS ‘officer’ having a child in a constable female. He can’t come and sit among the constables. Nor can he allow the child to arrive at his level of social interaction. For the child would bring forth his or her social and family connections to the higher levels. In which case, everyone in the higher levels would feel the discomfort, and possibly ditch the IPS ‘officer’ who stands as a link to lower strata.
The problem is basically the feudal language. Equality cannot be extended to persons who stand in a lower layer in the language code.
QUOTE Individuals of some castes are allowed to form connections with Sudra females which are to them irregular, but which they attempt to justify by pleading the Nayar usages; and many cases of prostitution occur, even among the respectable classes. END of QUOTE
The word prostitution might be too heavy. For, females sleeping with many other males of higher castes seems to have been the norm, than the exception in ‘God’s own country’ (some bloody fool has, without god’s acquiescence, made this claim for a place which reeks with corruption and other monstrous attributes).
QUOTE Until the kudumi is worn, the Brahman child is but a Sudra, and every Shastri attests the religious character of this symbol; and this is as expressive today as it ever was. END of QUOTE
QUOTE “some of the Sudras collected mobs of men with whom they frequented the daily markets, watching both for the Christian men and women, examining the heads of the former to ascertain whether they had cut off the kudumi, or lock of hair which is a mark of heathenism, and to assault them if by its absence they were found to be professors of Christianity.” END of QUOTE
QUOTE The Sudra masters complained of the planters taking away their labourers. But this competition and demand for labour largely ameliorated the condition of the poor END of QUOTE
These are actually the real effect of English colonialism in the subcontinent. However, the cunning Indian academic historians give a picture of a looting ruling group. Actually the looting rulers were the upper classes of this region. Even now the officialdom is literally looting the nation.
QUOTE The poor slaves were to the Sudra landholders what the damsel of Philippi was to her masters. END of QUOTE
QUOTE “A Pariah got a piece of jungle as mortgage from a Sudra, cleared and planted the land, so that it became worth about a hundred rupees. Then the Sudra called the man and told him to bring his document, along with sixty fanams, for which, he assured him, he should get the land registered in the man’s name.
The Sudra afterwards produced a new document, assuring the Pariah (who could not read) that it was the proper deed, and he received it with pleasure. But soon afterwards, the land he had cleared was registered in another person’s name, and taken from the poor man, who was unable to obtain any redress. The Sudras in these parts, being connected with the police clerks, can get anything they like done against these poor people, who are easily cheated and oppressed.” END of QUOTE
QUOTE A Sudra conversing with an Evangelist, said: — “Kuravars cannot learn anything — that is quite impossible.” END of QUOTE
QUOTE They have now cattle of their own, and lease lands from the Sudras for cultivation. END of QUOTE
QUOTE The other day a respectable Sudran came to one of our catechists, and said, “I want all my Pulayars taught Christianity, and I will help you to build a prayer-house for them.” END of QUOTE
QUOTE Pretences are sometimes made by individuals to higher than their real caste. .............................. We have known one or two apostates from Christianity, well educated in English, who assumed Sudra names, and passed in distant parts of the country as such END of QUOTE
QUOTE In 1878, a Sudra, a drunken and violent character, happening to pass by the road from the market, saw a Pariah Christian woman, fatigued and footsore, sitting down by the roadside to rest a while. The man assaulted and struck her with his stick on account of her not moving to a distance to avoid polluting him. END of QUOTE
QUOTE The expenditure, according to last published Report (M.E. 1056) on “Education, Science, and Art,” amounted to Rs. 183,696, but of this only Rs. 60,131 were for vernacular education, and this sum included the large District Schools, mostly for Brahman and Sudra boys. END of QUOTE
QUOTE The Malayalam Sudras, although they number rather less (440,932) than the native Christians in Travancore (466,874), yet, according to the census report, absorb no fewer than 8,647 Government posts in all grades of the service, END of QUOTE
QUOTE Our historian, for instance, says “We wonder how, and upon what authority, the authors of ‘ The Land of the Perumals,’ and ‘ The Land of Charity,’ and other learned writers, state that the Rajah of Travancore is a Sudra. END of QUOTE
This contention can be disliked by the so-called ‘royal’ houses of this small-time area. However, the Nair/Sudras would find the information welcome. For their claim is that they belong to the royal classes. And here the contention is that the royal classes are actually from their class.
QUOTE The Panars, or tailors of Travancore, pretend to be Sudras, but are repudiated by the latter. END of QUOTE
It is similar to the claims of the English educated Thiyyas going to the Travancore areas after the formation of Kerala in 1957. They were deeply distressed to find a caste of which they had not been aware of, the Ezhavas, claiming that that Thiyyas were Ezhavas. It was met with deep repulsion and disgust. However, over the years, this has gone down, with the strengthening of the Kerala state, and the vanishing of the Malabar languages, and the spread of Malayalam in the Malabar region.
Everything is viewed from the Travancore perspective. Even the official corruption which was more or less a rarity in English ruled Malabar has spread into Malabar from Travancore.
QUOTE Chandragupta also was a Sudra. Such instances of Indian rulers, who are Sudras by caste, but by office kings and warriors, tend to introduce uncertainty into the historical question; and courtiers by their flatteries soon cause still greater confusion. END of QUOTE
This information should be great for the Sudras (Nairs).
QUOTE A considerable portion of the work before us is occupied with the subject of the descent and caste of the royal family of Travancore, who, it is repeatedly urged, are not Sudras but Kshatriyas END of QUOTE
The small-time kings’ families want to distance themselves from Nairs/Sudras. Sudras/Nairs want to connect themselves to the kings. It is like the blacks in the US, wanting to connect with the Whites. Those whites who have English ancestry want to keep a distance from the other whites. The other whites want to disregard this distance. Most peoples around the world want to distance themselves from their own population address.
QUOTE “The Keralolpathi does not say that the King of Travancore is a Sudra, nor is this stated in Sanscrit works.” END of QUOTE
Sanskrit, Vedic literature and even the puranas are from the distant past, to which a visible link can only be seen through imagination. Even bloodline links will be quite impossible to find. So many populations have walked through this subcontinent. None could deliver any social quality improvement till the English rule came.
QUOTE All, until recently, claimed descent and grant of authority from Cheraman Perumal, who is supposed to have been a Kshatriya, yet there is a tradition that the last of the Perumals was a Sudra END of QUOTE
QUOTE The facts that they can only marry Sudra ladies — that their children are simply Nayars according to the ordinary Malabar law, without any caste pre-eminence on account of their father’s rank — that the laws of nepotism prevail in the descent of the throne and inheritance — that all the chieftains of Malabar agree to a large extent in traditions and usages — and that the mass of the population of Malabar, over whom they exercise rule and with whom they are so intimately connected, are Sudras — all indubitably point to the original Nayar origin of those families. END of QUOTE
This statement should be a great saving grace for the Nairs. That royalty is from their castes. However, the royalty would be distressed to know that they are from the Nair caste.
QUOTE “To-day, when passing by your schoolroom, I heard the children sing their sweet and instructive lyrics with great delight. We Sudras, regarded as of high caste, are now becoming comparatively lower; while you, who were once so low, are being exalted through Christianity. I fear,” he added, “Sudra children in the rural districts will soon be fit for nothing better than feeding cattle.”” END of QUOTE
There is a terrible understanding that might be missed in this statement. That the non-formally educated persons are idiots. It need not be true. If such a contention is being made, the best way to assess its validity is open up the public services to open competition, without using limiting educational qualifications. Then one can really see who is actually better equipped mentally. Now let us see the silver lining in the dark aura that has covered the Nair folks.
See these QUOTES:
QUOTE: The gulf which separates one caste from another is often very great, as great, almost, as between distinct species of animals; or as that which exists between mankind and their cattle or dogs. The cordon of division is strangely effective and complete in its operation. There are little hamlets of lowcaste people situated in secluded valleys and corners of the rice fields, near which one might pass for years without observing them; and there are Brahman agrahrams or closes, intentionally retired from public view, where the entrance of a stranger would be regarded with hostility, horror, and alarm, and would lead at once to personal attack upon him. END of QUOTE
Actually only recently and that too after the formation of the English Empire was many populations considered as perfect human beings. In many places of the world, there were superior groups who considered others as mere superior animals. This generally changed after the Black slaves were brought the US, where after learning English language and systems, there was no way to consider them as inferior beings. The fact is that even now, there are places such as Sudan, where people are stolen for slavery and treated as mere animals, by the enslavers.
QUOTE: All dread the raising of the lower classes and their admission to the common rights of humanity. “The very essence of caste lies in the degradation of others.” END of QUOTE
Actually there is an error in the second quote. Degradation of others is not the very essence of caste. It is actually one side of feudal language codes. The other side is the ennobling of certain selected persons. Caste is just the solidification of this separation of human beings, over the centuries.
QUOTE:..... the amount of research bestowed by each to discover local traditions, verbal derivations, analogies in ceremonies or usages, or anything whatever that might enable them to outvie rival castes — the contempt felt for the boasting of others — and the age-long memories of reported or imagined honours once enjoyed by them. END of QUOTE
Nair / Sudra females: Picture taken from Caste & Tribes of Southern India by E. Thurston
The fact is that Nairs have struggled hard to remove the Sudra Tag on them. They have written that they are Kshatriyas in many websites, so that a simple search might give the impression that they are Kshatriayas.
A similar attempt is done by the Ezhava leadership to spread the information that Thiyyas are their sub caste. Many Thiyyas do not bother about these things, as their mental focus is on mundane issues of daily survival and struggle to overtake others who might be competing with them in business and life.
As to the Ezhava leadership, there is a goldmine in extending their sway to a huge geographical region of the erstwhile Malabar district. However, some Thiyyas feel the manipulation as too shrew for comfort. Currently they can’t do anything. As even Wikipedia India pages are in the control of certain vested group who share similar or disconnected political aims.
Now about the silver lining for the Nairs: First, the very contention in this book that the kings of Kerala are basically Sudras and not really Khastriyas can be converted into code of social elevation. However, the lower castes like the Ezhavas used to use the Sudra tag to despoil Nair claims to superiority. It is here that a major other contention can be used to claim back the superiority that is under dispute.
This is connected to the matriarchal system of the Nairs. It is seen mentioned that the Nair females do not really go through any formal married life with any male. What is practised is something akin to living together with males of the superior Brahmin castes, in the female’s household. Or with some Nair males. Nair males are believed to allow visiting Brahmin to be accommodated by his short-term wife. The female’s sexual consort at any moment is more or less decided by her uncles.
Even though this information could be a shocker for people who parrot about the great moral standards of ancient ‘India’, and hence an information of disrepute, the fact is that a strong and enduring family life seems to have been a remote possibility in this geographical area for all castes. However, for the nair females, the consorts are usually the higher castes.
No lower castes are allowed even to cast their profane glance at Nair females. In most possibility, lower castes like the Ezhavas, Shanars, Chovvans etc. of Travancore, and Thiyyas of Malabar, especially the financially lower families would have had to lend their females to their higher caste, the Nairs, or at least all the Nair males to suitably seduce them on all sorts of occasions. Actually such stories were in vogue in many Malabar interiors some decades back. Now, such things must have vanished into oblivion.
As to having sex with very low caste females, in all possibility when there is a chance to get away with it without anyone knowing it, most higher castes males would have used the opportunity.