Commentary on
William Logan’s ‘Malabar Manual’
The French


In many ways, one might say that it was the insidious endeavours of the sneaky French governments that led to the slow and steady creation of British-India in the subcontinent. There seems have been a continual attitude among the French governments to encourage their traders all around the world to attack all English trade centres.

This is what led to the attack on the English trade centre in Arcot near Madras. This is what led to the attack on the English trade centre in Calcutta by Siraj-ul-dawlah. This is what led to so many minor and major skirmishes between so many small-time kings and rulers in the subcontinent and the English trading Company. Even Hyder Ali and Sultan Tipu (both Moroccans), had the full support of the French and even other Europeans in their endeavour to try to crush the English Company.

However, each one of these endeavours failed. And with each failure, the Company was forced to take up the administration of more and more locations.

What created the terrible animosity for England among the Frenchmen was that the Englishmen and women lived in a planar language ambience, while the French lived in some kind of a feudal language social system. What was most confounding was that formally both the nations have similar statutory social design. Both had the common people as well as the lords and ladies and the monarchy. Yet, the French common man had a terrible time, while the English common man was not living in a crushed social ambience.

France and other Continental European nations conspired and seduced the idiot George Washington and others to revolt against their own king and kingdom. And yet, they could not form a Continental European nation in the USA location. What came out ultimately was still an English nation. The French soldiers, after seeing the English soldier at close quarters, had the same mental emotion, which the current-day Indian soldiers who see the English soldiers at close quarters, had. They could not bear their officers and their degraded status. They inspired a revolution in France. Their king, who had also asked for an attack on English trade centres, had his head cut off by his own countrymen.

QUOTE: On the 20th the factors heard with dismay of the activity of their quondam friend Labourdonnais on the Coromandel Coast. On the 24th the French at Mahe began to make warlike preparations, giving out they would soon be saying mass in Tellicherry as their fleet was expected in October. END OF QUOTE

Even though the French are of white-skin colour, they are actually like the natives of the South Asian Subcontinent, innately. This is due to their language having some kind of feudal content. However, long years of proximity to England would have added to their stature. It is like an individual from India living in England. Within a few years, he would start having English features. However, in the case of the French, they still remained embedded in their own language.

QUOTE: Nor was the foresight thus displayed long in being justified, for, notwithstanding the indecisive naval action off Point Calimere, in which Labourdonnais was wounded, that indefatigable officer with his customary promptitude and decision brought matters speedily to a crisis by capturing Port St. George at Madras. END OF QUOTE.

Individual calibre has no meaning in a feudal language system. In fact, it is a negative attribute. Other would get disturbed. Labourdonnais also faced the same fate that befell Albuquerque.

See this QUOTE:

The French fleet had gone ; the factors knew not whither. They heard it was at Goa and awaiting Labourdonnais’ return from the islands with another squadron. They were still in daily dread of being besieged. It was with no little satisfaction therefore that, about July 1747, they received the welcome news that the dreaded Labourdonnais had been sent an unhappy prisoner to France. END OF QUOTE.

The French were winning. At that very moment, he is derailed by his own countrymen.

However, there was a similar thing that was in the fate of Robert Clive also. That is a different issue. I will take it up here.

When Robert Clive went back home after setting up the foundation of a nation in the subcontinent, many of the people in England were deeply perturbed. For, Clive had lived on the top of the verbal codes in the subcontinent. It will automatically induce a royal attitude in him. This is a natural effect of the feudal languages of the subcontinent.

When the native-English in England see this physical and mental demeanour at close quarters, they will naturally get a creepy feeling. English effect had done a positive personality enhancement for the people of the subcontinent. At the same time, the effect of the feudal languages of the subcontinent had induced a negativity in the interior codes of the native-Englishmen who had lived and worked in the subcontinent.

QUOTE: The Prince Regent intervened in their (that of the French) favour, and arranged that if Mattalye fort were restored to them they would evacuate Nilesvaram and some other small places, and the Prince Regent in return for his services was to have his bond for Rs. 60,000, advanced to him in the war with the Tellicherry factors, returned to him and cancelled. Moreover the Prince Regent guaranteed on oath that the French would perform their part of the contract and surrender Nilesvaram and the other places.


QUOTE: The French fired a salute of 15 guns at Mahe on being repossessed, on 22nd July 1756, of Mattalye ; but they deliberately broke their promises of evacuating Nilesvaram and other places and of returning the Prince Regent's bond to him. END OF QUOTE

What really always made the England side always win the last crucial battle was their reputation of being honest and committed to their word. There have been at least one incident which is oft-quoted to mentioned that the English side did not keep their word. However, that was a word extracted in a sort of blackmail.

QUOTE: they were led on by fifty of the French Hussars lately arrived from Pondicherry. END OF QUOTE.

That was about the French support to Hyder Ali. After all, France was also a great fighter for ‘Indian freedom’. For, if Hyder Ali and Sultan Tipu had fought for the freedom of ‘India’, then the French also had done their part!

QUOTE: 1. On the 1st of February war was declared by the French Republic against England and Holland, and for the third time in its history the French settlement at Mahe had to open its gates to a hostile English force under Colonel Hurtley on the 16th July 1793. The garrison, after surrendering, was allowed to march out with all the honours of war.

2. Chimbrah and Fort St. George were handed over next morning under a salute of 21 guns, and the British colours were flying in Mahe itself at 6 p.m. on the evening of the 20th. The garrison marched out with the honours of war, but all arms, stores, etc., were surrendered, and the forts, etc., were placed at the disposal of the Honourable Company END OF QUOTE

This allowing the surrendered side to march out in dignity or sit down in a chair in dignity is something quite alien to the feudal language military codes of the subcont