Malabar Manual Vol 2
Appendix VIII and IX - Port rules
Port rules for Cannanore
Rule 1.—All vessels within the port of Cannanore shall be bound to take up such berth as may be appointed for them by the conservator, and shall change their berths or remove when required by such authority.
Runs 2.—All vessels taking in or discharging ballast, or any particular kind of cargo within the port of Cannanore, shall take up such berth as the conservator may direct.
Rule 3.—A free passage shall be kept to piers, jetties, landing places, wharves, quays, docks, and moorings , and all vessels shall be bound to move when required by the conservator to clear such passages.
Rule 4 — All vessels within the port of Cannanore, shall anchor, moor, and unmoor, when and where required by the conservator.
Rule 5.—The cargo boat rules published by Government, under date the 30th September 1867, shall be in force at the port of Cannanore.
Rule 6.— No vessels within the limits of the port of Cannanore shall boil any pitch or dammer on board, or shall draw off spirits by candle or other artificial lights.
Rule 7.— All vessels in the roadstead of Cannanore shall when at anchor between sunset and sunrise, have a good light hoisted at the starboard foreyard arm ; and all vessels under weigh at night, shall show a good light at the foreroyal or upper foremast head, and when under weigh in tow of a steamer, shall, in addition, show a light at each foreyard arm ; the steamer showing the usual light prescribed by the Admiralty Regulations.
N.B.— An infraction of rules 2 and 6 renders a commander liable to a penalty of 200 rupees, and an infraction of any of the other rules to a penalty of Rs. 100.
The port rules for Tellicherry are the same as those in force at Cannanore, except that rule 7 runs as follows : —
Rule 7.—All vessels in the roadstead of Tellicherry whether steamships or sailing vessels, shall, when at anchor between sunset and sunrise, exhibit at the starboard foreyard arm, but at a height not exceeding 20 feet above the hull, a white light in a globular lantern of eight inches in diameter and so constructed as to show a clear, uniform, and unbroken light visible all round the horizon, and at a distance of at least one mile.
Rate of boat-hire at Calicut, Beypore.
1. Boats conveying 1 ton and under, laden or unladen —
In and beyond 7 fathoms, the rate to be at the option of parties contracting.
The port rules at Calicut are the same as at Cannanore, except that rules 5 and 7 run as follows : —
Rule 5.—The cargo boat rules published by Government, under date the 23rd April 1847, shall be in force at the port of Calicut,
Rule 7.—All vessels in the roadstead of Calicut, whether steamships or sailing vessels, shall, when at anchor between sunset and sunrise, exhibit at the starboard foreyard arm, but at a height not exceeding 20 feet above the hull, a white light in a globular lantern of eight inches in diameter and so constructed as to show a clear, uniform, and unbroken light visible all round the horizon, and at a distance of at least one mile.
The port rules for Beypore are similar to those in force at Cannanore1, except in regard to the following : —
NOTEs: 1. Rules 1, 4, 6, 8 and 9 are identical with rules 1, 2, 4, 5 and 6 respectively of those in force at Cannanore. END OF NOTEs
RULE 2.—All vessels within the entrance of the backwater shall, if required by the conservator, rig in their jib and driver-booms, and strike their masts and yards.
RULE 3.—All vessels within the entrance of the backwater shall remove any anchor or spar, or other substance projecting from her side, if required to do so by the conservator.
RULE 5.— free channel shall be kept for ships moving up and down the backwater, and also free passage to piers, jetties, landing places, wharves, quays, docks, and moorings, and all vessels shall be bound to remove, when required by the conservator, to clear such channels or passages.
RULE 7.— All vessels within the entrance of the backwater shall be moored or warped from place to place as required by the conservator, and no vessel shall cast of a warp that has been made fast to her to assist a vessel in mooring without being required to do so by the conservator or officer-in-charge of the vessel mooring
RULE 10.—Every vessel, whether a steamer or a sailing vessel, when riding at anchor, shall exhibit, where it can best be seen, but at a height not exceeding 20 feet above the hull, a white light in a globular lantern of eight inches in diameter, and so constructed as to show a clear, uniform and unbroken light visible all round the horizon, and at a distance of at least one mile. An infraction of any of the above rules renders a commander liable to a penalty of 100 rupees under section 9 of Act XXII of 1855.
Instructions to commanders of vessels entering the port of Cochin.
SIR,—I am desired by the Master Attendant, Administrative Department, at Madras, to request that you will, without delay, fill up the accompanying report and return it by the bearer, the hour of whose departure from your vessel should be noted on the report.
2. Your immediate and most particular attention is requested to the imperative necessity of your entering in the report herewith forwarded the state of health of your crew and passengers, and whether any infectious and malignant or other disease has appeared on board during the voyage. In the event of any such sickness having occurred, you are hereby ordered and directed to prevent all communication with other vessels in the roads or with the shore, until the Port and Marine Surgeon shall have duly reported such intercourse to be free from objection. If sickness has appeared and still prevails, you are required to hoist the flag R of the Commercial Code by day, or two lighted lanterns one over the other at the fore by night. On either of these signals being hoisted, the commander or other person in charge of such vessel shall consider himself in quarantine. No dead bodies are to be thrown overboard in the roadstead.
NOTE — No boats to be allowed alongside until the ensign is hosted at some mast-head in token that the Commander accepts the responsibility of the proceeding caution.
3. Your attention is particularly directed to the following rules.
4. The best anchorage in the roads is with the following bearings : — Flagstaff E.½ N. to E. N. E. in 5½ to 6½ fathoms, soft ground, about 2 to 2½ miles off shore.
5. All post office-packets and letters are to be delivered to the post office peon who is sent for them.
6. Commanders are requested to fill up and return the accompanying paper relating to the port light, and the Master Attendant, Administrative Department, at Madras, invites them to forward to him any observations they may wish to offer regarding this or any other light along the coast which they may have passed.
7. Commanders are required to report themselves in person on landing at the Master Attendant’s office, and to bring with them the ship’s register, with two lists of the officers, ship’s company and passengers, and no vessel will be admitted to entry at the customhouse without producing a certificate from the Master Attendant that the provisions of this article have been complied with. In the case of certain vessels arriving in port to load part cargo for foreign ports, although the goods to be exported in them may be afloat, commanders must come on shore immediately after anchoring for the purpose of entering their vessels at the marine and customs offices, and if any of the export cargo afloat is taken on board before permission is obtained by signal from the flagstaff, they will be liable to a penalty of 1,000 rupees under sections 61 and 136 of the Sea Customs Act of 1878.
8 Commanders are also required, previous to clearing out, to deliver to the Master Attendant two lists of the officers, crew, and passengers proceeding by the vessel, together with notification of all casualties which may have occurred during her stay in port, whether by death, discharge, or desertion. No vessel will be granted port clearance until the production of a certificate from the Master Attendant that the port rules have been complied with
9. Commanders requiring a pilot to enter the inner harbour are to hoist the union jack at the foreroyal mast-head. Applications for pilots inwards and outwards are to be made to the Master Attendant in writing.
10. No cargo is to be landed in ship’s boats under a penalty of 50 rupees and confiscation of the boat.
11. No ballast is to be thrown overboard in less than 9 fathoms ; nor is any to be discharged on the beach, or elsewhere, from which it would be liable to be washed into the port. The penalty for infringing this rule is 500 rupees.
12. Commanders of vessels having more than 50 lb. of gunpowder or other combustibles on board are, under a penalty of 200 rupees for default, to report the same to the conservator, who will arrange, if necessary, for landing and storing the excess.
13. When the surf is so high as to render communication with the shore dangerous, a red and white chequered flag will be hoisted at the Master Attendant's flagstaff. When the surf is impassable the first distinguishing pendant will be displayed under that flag.
14. Should a boat be urgently required during the night, three lights should be hoisted horizontally, and in case of danger from fire or other causes, blue lights should be burnt and guns fired.
15. No boats are to be detained alongside after 6 p.m. The detention of a boat during the day for more than three hours will entail double hire. Commanders and officers are particularly requested to abstain from ill-using boatmen or other natives. All complaints will be promptly inquired into.
16. In the event of boisterous weather having been experienced, commanders are requested to report the same to the Master Attendant for the information of the Marine Superintendent, forwarding, if likely to be useful copy of the log detailing the circumstances.
17. No vessel of 200 tons and upwards is to be moved in the inner harbour without having a pilot or the conservator on board ; and no vessel exceeding 100 tons and less than 200 tons is to be moved without a pilot, except under the authority of the conservator, under penalty in each case of 100 rupees.
18. All vessels in the inner harbour shall have their jib and driver booms rigged in, and their yards and top masts struck, unless otherwise permitted by the conservator. All projections from the ship's side must be removed.
19. All vessels moored in the stream shall keep a clear hawse.
20. No vessel anchored between the buoys and inner harbour shall have lights exhibited aloft or above the deck.
21. No warps are to be made fast to the fairway buoys.
22. A free passage of half a cable's length or 120 yards shall be kept between the wharves, jetties, landing places, and dockyards, and the position of the vessels moored in the inner harbour.
23. The Madras Ports Acts can be seen at the Master Attendant's office, and copies of them can be had at six annas each.
24. Schedules of the boat hire, pilot, and other charges of the port are hereto annexed.
Note.—Similar instructions to the above are sent to commanders of vessels entering the other ports of the district. END OF NOTE
1. Appendices 1
2. Appendices 2
3. Port rules
6. Mr. Græme’s Glossary 1
7. Mr. Græme’s Glossary 2
8. Mr. Græme’s Glossary 3
12. Chirakkal Taluk
22. Kottayam Taluk
25. Wynad Taluk
28. Calicut Taluk
29. Ernad Taluk
32. Walluvanad Taluk
33. Palghat Taluk
34. Palghat Forest
35. Ponnani Taluk
36. Cochin Taluk